When it comes to renting a residential property in Alberta, understanding the different types of leases
available is essential for both tenants and landlords. Each lease type offers distinct benefits and
limitations, catering to various preferences and needs. In this blog, we'll delve into the primary types of
leases for residential properties in Alberta, shedding light on their features and implications.
Fixed-Term Lease: A fixed-term lease, also known as a lease agreement, specifies a predetermined
duration for the tenancy. This type of lease is typically set for a specific period, often six months or a
year. During this time, both tenants and landlords are bound by the terms and conditions stated in the
lease. The advantage of a fixed-term lease is its predictability – tenants know how long they will reside
in the property and landlords can plan for vacancies or potential rent increases once the lease expires.
Periodic Tenancy Lease: A periodic tenancy lease, often referred to as a month-to-month lease,
operates without a fixed end date. Instead, it continues on a rolling basis until either the tenant or
landlord decides to terminate it with proper notice, usually one rental period. This type of lease provides
flexibility for both parties, enabling tenants to move out with relatively short notice and landlords to
adjust rent or reclaim the property with ease.
Sublease: A sublease involves a tenant renting out a portion or the entirety of their rented space to
another party. In this arrangement, the original tenant remains responsible for the lease agreement
with the landlord while assuming the role of a sub-landlord to the new occupant. Subleases are ideal for
individuals who need to relocate temporarily or share living spaces, but they require careful
consideration of lease terms and potential legal implications.
Assignment of Lease: Similar to a sublease, an assignment of lease involves the transfer of a tenant's
lease to another party. However, in this case, the original tenant fully transfers their lease obligations,
and the new tenant assumes all rights and responsibilities under the lease. Landlord approval is often
required for an assignment to occur, ensuring that the new tenant meets the necessary requirements.
Fixed-Term with Option to Renew: This lease type combines features of both a fixed-term lease and a
periodic tenancy lease. It offers tenants the security of a fixed lease period while including an option to
renew the lease at the end of the term. This arrangement benefits both parties by reducing uncertainty
and providing a convenient opportunity for tenants to continue their tenancy.
In conclusion, the diversity of lease options for residential properties in Alberta caters to the varying
needs of tenants and landlords. Whether seeking stability with a fixed-term lease, flexibility with a
periodic tenancy lease, or exploring subleasing and assignment options, understanding the
implications of each type is crucial. Before entering any lease agreement, it's advisable for both
parties to seek legal advice and carefully review the terms to ensure a harmonious and mutually
beneficial tenancy experience.